Design and performance of an ultra-high vacuum scanning tunneling microscope operating at dilution refrigerator temperatures and high magnetic fields.

We describe the construction and performance of a scanning tunneling microscope capable of taking maps of the tunneling density of states with sub-atomic spatial resolution at dilution refrigerator temperatures and high (14 T) magnetic fields. The fully ultra-high vacuum system features visual access to a two-sample microscope stage at the end of a bottom-loading dilution refrigerator, which facilitates the transfer of in situ prepared tips and samples. The two-sample stage enables location of the best area of the sample under study and extends the experiment lifetime.

The successful thermal anchoring of the microscope, described in detail, is confirmed through a base temperature reading of 20 mK, along with a measured electron temperature of 250 mK. Atomically resolved images, along with complementary vibration measurements, are presented to confirm the effectiveness of the vibration isolation scheme in this instrument. Finally, we demonstrate that the microscope is capable of the same level of performance as typical machines with more modest refrigeration by measuring spectroscopic maps at base temperature both at zero field and in an applied magnetic field.


Quantum dot thermometry at ultra-low temperature in a dilution refrigerator with a 4He immersion cell

Experiments performed at a temperature of a few millikelvins require effective thermalization schemes, low-pass filtering of the measurement lines, and low-noise electronics. Here, we report on the modifications to a commercial dilution refrigerator with a base temperature of 3.5 mK that enable us to lower the electron temperature to 6.7 mK measured from the Coulomb peak width of a quantum dot gate-defined in an [Al]GaAs heteostructure. We present the design and implementation of a liquid 4He immersion cell tight against superleaks, implement an innovative wiring technology, and develop optimized transport measurement procedures.


Traceable Ultra Refrigerator/Freezer Thermometers with Calibration


Smart-Alarm signals both audible and visual alarms even after return to normal conditions
  • Includes NIST-Traceable certificate from our A2LA accredited (1750.01) calibration laboratory│Triple display simultaneously shows MIN/MAX and current temperature│10-ft microcable allows refrigerator/freezer doors to close on it
Accurately monitor temperatures in refrigerators, freezers, water baths, and incubators. Thermometers have accuracy of ±0.5°C (-30 to 50°C). Built-in audible and visual alarms activate when temperature rises or falls below the alarm set point, and is programmable in 0.1° increments.

Traceable Products have an individually-numbered Traceable Certificate provided with each unit, that assures accuracy from our ISO/IEC 17025:2017(1750.01) calibration laboratory accredited by A2LA. It indicates traceability of measurements to the SI units through NIST or other recognized national measurement institutes (NMI) that are signatories to the CIPM Mutual Recognition Agreement. Each product goes through an intense vetting process before it can carry the Traceable name, thus saving you both time and money by not having to calibrate separately.

Specifications & Description

  • Meter Measurement TypeDigital Indicator
  • Number Of Probe Channels1
  • Types Of Probes Accepted1 bottle and 1 Bullet probes
  • Min Temperature (° F)-58
  • Max Temperature (° F)158
  • Min Temperature (° C)-50
  • Max Temperature (° C)70
  • Accuracy±0.5°C (-30 to 50°C); otherwise ±1°C
  • Resolution0.1°
  • AlarmYes
  • Min/Max FunctionYes
  • Low Battery IndicatorYes
  • Display TypeLCD
  • Height (in)4 1/4
  • Width (in)2 3/4
  • Depth (in)3/4
  • No. of Probe(s) Included1
  • Cable Length (in)120
  • BatteryAAA Battery (2)
  • DescriptionTraceable Ultra Refrigerator/Freezer Thermometer with Calibration; 1 Bottle and 1 Bullet Probes

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