Design and performance of an ultra-high vacuum scanning tunneling microscope operating at dilution refrigerator temperatures and high magnetic fields.

We describe the construction and performance of a scanning tunneling microscope capable of taking maps of the tunneling density of states with sub-atomic spatial resolution at dilution refrigerator temperatures and high (14 T) magnetic fields. The fully ultra-high vacuum system features visual access to a two-sample microscope stage at the end of a bottom-loading dilution refrigerator, which facilitates the transfer of in situ prepared tips and samples. The two-sample stage enables location of the best area of the sample under study and extends the experiment lifetime.

The successful thermal anchoring of the microscope, described in detail, is confirmed through a base temperature reading of 20 mK, along with a measured electron temperature of 250 mK. Atomically resolved images, along with complementary vibration measurements, are presented to confirm the effectiveness of the vibration isolation scheme in this instrument. Finally, we demonstrate that the microscope is capable of the same level of performance as typical machines with more modest refrigeration by measuring spectroscopic maps at base temperature both at zero field and in an applied magnetic field.


Quantum dot thermometry at ultra-low temperature in a dilution refrigerator with a 4He immersion cell

Experiments performed at a temperature of a few millikelvins require effective thermalization schemes, low-pass filtering of the measurement lines, and low-noise electronics. Here, we report on the modifications to a commercial dilution refrigerator with a base temperature of 3.5 mK that enable us to lower the electron temperature to 6.7 mK measured from the Coulomb peak width of a quantum dot gate-defined in an [Al]GaAs heteostructure. We present the design and implementation of a liquid 4He immersion cell tight against superleaks, implement an innovative wiring technology, and develop optimized transport measurement procedures.


Traceable Ultra Refrigerator/Freezer Thermometers with Calibration


Smart-Alarm signals both audible and visual alarms even after return to normal conditions
  • Includes NIST-Traceable certificate from our A2LA accredited (1750.01) calibration laboratory│Triple display simultaneously shows MIN/MAX and current temperature│10-ft microcable allows refrigerator/freezer doors to close on it
Accurately monitor temperatures in refrigerators, freezers, water baths, and incubators. Thermometers have accuracy of ±0.5°C (-30 to 50°C). Built-in audible and visual alarms activate when temperature rises or falls below the alarm set point, and is programmable in 0.1° increments.

Traceable Products have an individually-numbered Traceable Certificate provided with each unit, that assures accuracy from our ISO/IEC 17025:2017(1750.01) calibration laboratory accredited by A2LA. It indicates traceability of measurements to the SI units through NIST or other recognized national measurement institutes (NMI) that are signatories to the CIPM Mutual Recognition Agreement. Each product goes through an intense vetting process before it can carry the Traceable name, thus saving you both time and money by not having to calibrate separately.

Specifications & Description

  • Meter Measurement TypeDigital Indicator
  • Number Of Probe Channels1
  • Types Of Probes Accepted1 bottle and 1 Bullet probes
  • Min Temperature (° F)-58
  • Max Temperature (° F)158
  • Min Temperature (° C)-50
  • Max Temperature (° C)70
  • Accuracy±0.5°C (-30 to 50°C); otherwise ±1°C
  • Resolution0.1°
  • AlarmYes
  • Min/Max FunctionYes
  • Low Battery IndicatorYes
  • Display TypeLCD
  • Height (in)4 1/4
  • Width (in)2 3/4
  • Depth (in)3/4
  • No. of Probe(s) Included1
  • Cable Length (in)120
  • BatteryAAA Battery (2)
  • DescriptionTraceable Ultra Refrigerator/Freezer Thermometer with Calibration; 1 Bottle and 1 Bullet Probes

Fridge Freezer Thermometer Traceable to NIST -50 to +70 deg C

THE8100 Scientific Laboratory Supplies EACH 116.28 EUR

Thermometer Fridge Freezer Spirit

THE4054 Scientific Laboratory Supplies EACH 6.86 EUR

Thermometer Freezer -30-0 deg C

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ExoELISA-ULTRA Complete Kit (CD63 detection)

EXEL-ULTRA-CD63-1 SBI 96 reactions 855.6 EUR

ExoELISA-ULTRA Complete Kit (CD81 detection)

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ExoELISA-ULTRA Complete Kit (CD9 detection)

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Liebherr Refrigerator

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scanning thermometer

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scanning thermometer

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DD98463 Scientific Laboratory Supplies EACH 21.66 EUR

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Mediline Refrigerator 361L

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PESR47UK Refrigerator - 47L

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Pharmacy Refrigerator 66L

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Pharmacy Refrigerator 340L

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RLDF1519 Scientific Laboratory Supplies EACH 2948.04 EUR

Labcold Refrigerator 439ltr

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20HCB Cryogenic Refrigerator

CRY7036 Scientific Laboratory Supplies EACH 1435.26 EUR

LS3000 Cryogenic Refrigerator

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LS4800 Cryogenic Refrigerator

CRY7146 Scientific Laboratory Supplies EACH 6117.24 EUR

LS6000 Cryogenic Refrigerator

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Traceable® Three-Line Alarm Timer

LE9003 GenDepot Ea 128.4 EUR

Pocket waterproof thermometer

THE0812 Scientific Laboratory Supplies EACH 68.4 EUR

Digital Thermometer Hygrometer

THE1162 Scientific Laboratory Supplies EACH 24.74 EUR

Digital Thermometer Hygrometer

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Thermometer (TDC 150)

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Core Thermometer (TFX410)

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Hanna Thermometer Checktemp

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Folding thermometer white

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Folding thermometer brown

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Ultra Filter

LC169 Scientific Laboratory Supplies EACH 728.46 EUR

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